Schizophrenia – Schneider’s first rank symptoms


  • Broadcasting, insertion and withdrawal of thought
  • Auditory hallucinations
    • Thought echo – thoughts spoken aloud (echo de la pensee)
    • 3rd person arguing – 2 or more voices arguing about the patient: “He’s a bad man.” “No, he’s good!”
    • Commentary – “he is folding his arms now”
  • Delusional perception (i.e. taking a normal sensory perception to mean a bizarre situation such as taking seeing an aeroplane as indicating that the president has been shot)
  • Somatic passivity / delusions of control
  • Made:
    • Volition – someone controlling the action, usually completed act
    • Impulses – someone controlling the desire to act
    • Affect – someone controlling mood/affect