Delirium causes

PINCH ME

  • Pain
  • INfection
  • Constipation
  • Hydration
  • Medication
  • Electrolyte imbalance e.g. low calcium / Environment

I WATCH DEATH

  • Infection – UTI, pneumonia, encephalitis, meningitis
  • Withdrawal – alcohol, benzodiazepines, barbituates
  • Acute metabolic disorder – derranged electrolytes, hepatic, renal failure
  • Trauma – head injury, post-op
  • CNS pathology – stroke, haemorrhage, tumour, seizure
  • Hypoxia – anaemia, cardiac failure, PE
  • Deficiency – vitamin B12, folate, thiamine (B1)
  • Endocrine disorder – thyroid, glucose, parathyroid, adrenal
  • Acute vascular – shock, vasculitis
  • Toxins, substance abuse
  • Heavy metals – mercury, lead

why so delirius

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