Stages of change model


  • Pre-contemplation – does not want to change
  • Contemplation – ambivalent and ‘sitting on the fence’ about change
  • Preparation – had some experience in change and ‘testing the waters’
  • Action – introducing change
  • Maintenance – continuing with the change

Prochaska and DiClemente’s model – intentional behavioural change. Often associated with addictions.

Pre-contemplation can be divided up further:

Rel Reb Res Rat

  • Reluctant – insufficient knowledge about problem
  • Rebellious – afraid of losing control over life
  • Resigned – hopeless about change
  • Rationalising – think they do not have a problem